Effective Time Management 时间管理



2nd Nov - Research topics, select a topic and find good websites.
9th Nove - Plan
6th Nov - Work on Part 1
23rd Nov - Work on Part 1
30th Nov - Work on and finish Part 2
7th Dec - Work on and finish Part 1
14th Dec - Relax because everything is finished!

Seven Principles for setting Goals

Desire - I will create an excellent page that is helpful to others and looks good.
Written -
Plan to deal with resistance - Possible obstacles include - Computer problems, can't find good information and time management.
Deadline - see above (timeline)
Planning - I have the folloing good resources - students with IT skills and teachers.
Mental Picture - I want my site to look like a wikipedia page
Persistence - I will work hard during class time and, if needed, will spend extra time on my page at home.


Specific - Well defined. Clear to anyone that has a basic knowledge of the project. YES
Measurable - Know if the goal is obtainable and how far away completion is. Know when it has been achieved. YES
Agreed Upon - Agreement with all the stakeholders what the goals should be. YES
Realistic - Within the availability of resources, knowledge and time. YES
Time Based - Enough time to achieve the goal. Not too much time, which can affect project performance. YES

Time management is an essential skill for successful study. It is a matter of choice how we use the time we have. We can either allow time to control our activities or we can make time work for us by establishing priorities and scheduling our work. Effective time management is about getting more done with your available time.

Life should be better than this!

Does this sound familar?

Do you feel overwhelmed by the sheer volume of different jobs you have to do each day?

Do you go to bed exhausted and get up still tired?

What would you give to be in control of your life?

To wake up each morning feeling calm and rested?


How to use time well~

  • Don't say you don't have enough time. You have the same number of hours per day as Leonardo da Vinci or Isaac Newton had and as the President of the United States or the General Secretary of the United Nations have.
  • Plan your day. Some things have to be done today - for example, attending a pre-arranged meeting or sending a birthday card.
  • Plan your week. Some things might need to be done sometime this week - for example, drafting a speech to be delivered next week or going to the gym.
  • Plan your month. Some things are best done monthly - for example, holding a departmental meeting or having a haircut or visiting the theatre.
  • Plan your year. Other things require a longer timescale - for example, when you are going to do your staff appraisals or take your annual leave or go abroad on holiday.
  • As far as possible, make your all objectives SMART - that is: Specific Measurable Achievable Resourced Timed


  • Do the most important things first. This sounds so obvious. But most of us tend to do first the things that are easiest or most pleasant.
  • Stay focused. Once you have decided what are the most important things to do, stay with them, even when new (but still less important) things come along - as they inevitably will.
  • Use lists. This helps you to remember what needs to be done and it's very satisfying to tick off the items as you complete them.
  • Don't worry if you don't get everything done. The only person who got everything done by Friday was Robinson Crusoe.
  • Approach every event you attend - a meeting, a conference, a reception, even a discussion - by asking yourself: "What do I want from this?". Make sure then that you endeavour to achieve the ojectives you have determined.
  • After every event you attend, determine what actions you need to take - maybe you promised someone an e-mail or you heard of a report that you should check out - and implement those actions straightwaway.
  • Allow time to read the agenda papers before a meeting. Focus then on what you want out of that meeting.
  • Before you leave the meeting, prepare a list of your action points arising from the meeting. Implement them the same or the next day.
  • When you're going to a meeting outside the office, see if you can schedule it before or after a meeting in the same location or, if not, see if you can see someone before or after the meeting in or near that location. This will maximise the use of your time and make the travelling worth it.
  • Study the executive summary in a report and look through the contents list and index of a book before you even think of spending the time to read the whole thing.
  • Every time you produce a major piece of work, think about how you can reuse it. A briefing paper can be the basis of a speech; a speech can be summarized into an article; any of these can be turned into a 'page' on a Web site.
  • Work on several projects at once, regularly noting down ideas and sources and drafting paragraphs and sections. That way, when the project is complete, it will be all the richer for having spent longer thinking about it.
  • Always have some paper and a pen (or a personal digital assistant or lap top, if you're technically minded) with you, so that you can note down ideas or information.
  • Always have a mobile phone with you. It doesn't always have to be on, but it should be with you in case you want to contact someone or communicate an idea.
  • Even when you go to bed, have writing materials by the bedside - it's amazing what great ideas you can have as you're falling asleep or waking up. If you don't want to be bothered to write things down immediately, throw a slipper away from the bed so that, when you do get up, you're reminded that you had an idea.
  • Learn to power nap. A short sleep during the day can allow you to keep going and to be more productive for longer. It worked very well for Winston Churchill.
  • Have a couple of reference books and few magazines in the toilet (or washroom for Canadians or bathroom for Americans) so that, if you're there for a while, you can browse and learn.
  • When shaving (men usually!) or making up (women usually!!), have the radio on a news station, so that you can keep up with events.
  • Try to work more from home, saving valuable time - as well as money and energy. This is especially useful when you need to think or have a special project or urgent deadline.
  • When travelling on the underground or on a bus, tram, train or aircraft, always have a newspaper, magazine or book with you. You can use the time to read and you can never be sure how long the journey is going to last.
  • Network constantly. At a conference, make a point of speaking to people you don't know. At a party, move around and meet lots of people. At a dinner party, talk to each guest.
  • See everything as a learning opportunity. On a cab ride, sit in the front and talk to the driver. In a queue (that's a line to you Americans), talk to the person in front and behind. Everyone can teach you something.
  • Keep a comprehensive and up-to-date record of all the contact details for all your relatives, friends and acquaintances in whatever form you find most convenient: PC, lap top, palm top, filofax, card index.
  • Keep a chronological list of birthdays and anniversaries. Make sure you never miss those of your relatives and friends and, when you see them on the day, congratulate colleagues. If you need it, there are even web sites to help you with this
  • Keep a stock of cards for all occasions - birthdays, anniversaries, births, deaths, weddings - and of course plenty of stamps. That way, you can immediately and appropriately mark any occasion that you wish without having to run round to the shop or post office.
  • Put in a spread sheet the names and addresses of all those to whom you send Christmas cards. That way, you won't have to write out the details every year and the postie won't have to struggle with your rushed handwriting.
  • Send a standard Christmas letter. If you're networking a lot, you'll have many friends and you can't write a chatty and informative note in every Christmas card. Friends are interested in your news and won't mind a circular letter, personalised with an extra sentence or two.
  • A computer is an essential tool for many time management tips. So, if you're not already an owner of a computer and comfortable with its use, sort that out now.
  • Build up a great set of favourites (Explorer) or bookmarks (Navigator) of the Web sites you find most useful, starting with the BBC news site.
  • Learn some good search techniques to use with a Web search engine like google, so that you can find any information you want quickly.
  • Do more of your shopping on-line, especially the weekly groceries and any books and CDs that you know you want.
  • Go on lots of short courses. You'll get more out of five one-day courses than one one-week course.
  • Go on a time management course. You might learn something that is not in these tips - but it will cost you more.
  • Be economical with your time. Most meetings are too long; try to shorten them. Most reports are too long; you don't have to read every word. You can always spend more time preparing, but the benefit per unit of time decreases with each unit of time. So be tough with your allocation of time.
  • Finally, don't take these tips too seriously. We all need time to chill out and recharge our emotional batteries. Sometimes allow yourself to do nothing. After all, you've earned it by following most of these tips most of the time!

learn to say no

when ever you want to study, but your friend just ask you to go out, but you hav work to work on tonight, you dont want to let your friend turn down. you might change a way to say no or something, you might use some smarter way to tell her or she,

Create a Daily Schedules!
There are a variety of time schedules that you can use including engagement books, a piece of poster board tacked to a wall, diaries and online calendars. Once you decide upon the style that you like then construct your own schedule. Firstly, put down all of the necessities; classes, work, meals, etc. Secondly, block in your study time and thirdly, schedule time when you are energized (hobbies, fun time, etc.). Lastly, schedule in study breaks - about 10 minutes each hour.
Don't be a perfectionist
Trying to be a perfect person sets you up for defeat and depression. Remember - nobody can be perfect. Difficult tasks usually result in avoidance and procrastination. You need to set achievable goals, but they should also be challenging. There will always be people both weaker and stronger than you.

Mark myself
Student (Self) Evaluation
- At the end of the project, students must assess their own work and post results in the DISCUSSION section.
25% = Part 1 = Information and bibliography =23%
25% = Part 2 = Contributions and Comments =23%
25% = Part 3 = Planning =20%
25% = Layout, appearance and design =24%